ISSN: 2583-4371
    Email Id: editor.ijtle@gmail.com
    ISSN: 2583-4371
    Email Id: editor.ijtle@gmail.com

    Determinants of unemployment in a country in perpetual conflict : the case of the Central African Republic

    JOURNAL ARTICLE

    Author: Benjamin Andakpaoue, Dontsi

    Keywords: Determinants, Unemployment, Armed conflicts, Labour.

    Abstract: The objective of this article is to analyse the determinants of unemployment in the Central African Republic. Indeed, the unemployment rate in this country is one of the highest in Sub-Sahariens Africa (SSA). Over the period 2010-2018, the unemployment rate as defined by the International Labour Office (ILO) averaged 6.7%, compared with 5.1% in Central Africa and 3.6% in low-income SSA countries. The situation is aggravated by a very high level of underemployment (34%) and vulnerable employment (93%), which characterises disguised unemployment. The context of the Central African Republic is particular in that not only is the economic fabric embryonic, but the country has been confronted since its independence with an upsurge of socio-political crises marked by coups d'├ętat and armed rebellions (Seleka, Anti-balaka). This study was carried out using an econometric model that examined political instability, public spending, inflation and trade openness. The results show that in the short term, unemployment is negatively and significantly explained by political stability, public expenditure and trade openness. On the other hand, in the long run, in addition to the variables mentioned above, inflation has a positive and significant effect on unemployment. These results lead us to propose some economic policy recommendations to reduce this problem in the Central African Republic.

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