Keywords: Received: 15 Aug 2023, Received in revised form: 20 Sep 2023, Accepted: 30 Sep 2023, Available online: 09 Oct 2023
Abstract: Throughout sub-Saharan Africa, land is a fundamental issue for economic development, food security, and poverty reduction. Land has a great importance for the economies and societies of a region, contributing a major share of GDP and employment in most countries, and constituting the main livelihood basis for a large part of the population. However, land is becoming gradually rare in many regions due to a variety of pressures. In the Central African Republic (CAR), most of the population is rural, dependent largely on farming or animal husbandry (primarily in nomadic systems) for food and incomes. Therefore, as in other region in Africa the land issue is becoming more and more a preoccupation although the abundant space in the country. In term of this work, we are analyzing the performance of agricultural land through major food crops in CAR by tempting to determine agricultural land efficiency used to increase its performance. That is to say, the work uses panel data, leading our analysis which is focused on the land performance for an efficient use, and the result shows that the relationship between crops yield per unit of land area, production and land area has period random effects. Regarding our model, the land area has a negative effect on the land performance.
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